How do I know what type of wood I'm buying?

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Don’t Forget to Sand

Sanding is one of the most important steps in wood finishing. A thorough sanding is often what separates acceptable results from beautiful results.

Start with a medium grade of sandpaper (e.g. #120) and gradually work your way to a finer grade (e.g. #220).

Sand in the direction of the grain for a smooth, uniform finish and remove all sanding dust using a vacuum, dry paint brush or cloth.

Look out for dried glue, especially in the joint area. If it’s not thoroughly removed by sanding, it will interfere with the staining process.

End-grains (areas where the wood has been cut against the grain), such as the front side of a table, tend to soak up more stain than surfaces cut with the grain. With additional sanding to end-grain areas, you can better control the absorption of...

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I'm starting my second ever woodworking project (the first one, I did about 20 years ago), and it involves the use of the biscuit jointer.

I've been going nuts trying to find some rules of thumb about using biscuits, specifically figuring out what size biscuit I should use. Most advice is to use the "largest biscuit possible", but that's too vague.

Obviously, if my biscuit slot is so deep it goes through the face of the wood, that's too deep, but is anything short of that OK? Or should my slot depth be only a certain percentage of the depth of my board?

(I'm intentionally not stating what the depth of my material is because I don't want someone to tell me what size biscuit to use, but to find out how to figure it out for myself in the future - remember: if you build a man a fire, he stays warm for the night. If you SET a man on fire, he stays warm for the rest of his...

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If you are on this page, is certainly because you have found some wooden pallets and you have checked that they are safe to use for your project. But maybe, you are asking yourself what wood types pallets are made of? I bet you’ve asked yourself that a few times too. Pallet woodworking is a sensory experience. To that end, I’m going to share my “What the heck is the wood type of this pallet?” learning curve with you. I’ve been working with pallets for a little over two years now, and I know my limits. I’m a hobbyist, but I’m a HAPPY hobbyist. I’m a nurse by trade and got into working with pallets because I was too cheap (er…frugal…) to buy an overpriced, poor-quality wood chaise lounge. I apologize in advance to the true professionals that’ll read this and shake their heads. But hey, none of us started out as experts. That’s where my journey begins…

Hardwood and Softwood types of wood: “As a general rule, hardwood originates from deciduous trees, those who lose their...

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There are indeed many different types of watercolor papers available - this is part of what makes watercolor painting so fun! If you have the budget, you can experiment with all different types of watercolor paper, using a bunch of different watercolor techniques, to get a feel for what you like best. That is one way to narrow it down.

To give you an overview, watercolor paper comes in four forms: as single sheets, in a pad, in a block or as a roll. For a beginner to watercolors, I would suggest trying the first three, with rolls applicable only when you know what you like and prefer to buy in bulk.

Next, there are two "qualities" of watercolor paper: student quality and artist quality. Your budget will dictate which one you should buy; just keep in mind that artist quality watercolor paper will be better than the student quality.

Your last choice is what type of watercolor paper to buy. There are 3 main types of watercolor paper - Hot Press, Cold Press and...

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What is the Janka Rating System Anyway?

When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. And while this example lists just some of the most popular hardwood species, there are hundreds of varieties, representing the North American hardwood population. Because hardness is an important factor, and hardness varies for each species, the Janka Scale of Hardness is an excellent tool to help identify appropriate choices.Special thanks to HardwoodInfo.com for sharing this...

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Websearch for "lumber dimensions" will find details, but basically you just have to know that, for example, a standard "eight foot two-by-four" is a rectangular solid roughly 8 feet long by 1.5 inches by 3.5 inches. Length is always in inches; width and thickness are "nominal" values. When you start actually constructing things, you work with real inches, and you just have to remember to do the conversions and/or measure as you go..

Plywood and other "sheet goods" are measured in real inches... mostly. Their thickness is often a bit under the nominal size. If that dimension matters to you, you have to measure them to know what you've got.

If you're buying something fancier than construction-quality lumber or sheet goods, it is less likely to come in these standard sizes, since it's assumed you're going to be machining it to its final size anyway and since they (and you) don't want to waste any wood that might be useful. These woods will generally be sold as boards cut...

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1. Which type of wood floor is right for me, solid or engineered?

That depends on where you want to install it. Both solid and engineered wood floors are made using real wood, so both are environmentally friendly.

Solid wood flooring is exactly what the name implies: a solid piece of wood from top to bottom. The thickness of solid wood flooring can vary, but generally ranges from 3/4” to 5/16”. Solid wood can be used in any room that is above grade (above ground). One of the many benefits of solid wood flooring is that it can be sanded and refinished many times. Solid wood floors are ideal in family/living rooms, dining rooms, bedrooms, and even kitchens and powder rooms. About the only place you can’t use solid wood flooring is in the basement, but there’s a solution for that area too.

Engineered wood floors are real wood floors that are manufactured using multiple layers of wood veneers. The layers that you can’t see can be...

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23,000 – that’s how many different types of trees there are in the world, according to North Carolina State University.

The diversity of trees is in a word… amazing. From towering pines to tropical palms and teeny-tiny bonsai trees, there’s a tree out there for everyone.

If you’ve found a tree that catches your eye, here’s how to identify your tree. You can use the leaf, bark or an app to discover what type of tree you have.

How to Tell What Type of Tree I Have or Saw

To identify what kind of tree you have, begin by grabbing a leaf. If you please, snap a picture of the tree’s bark, canopy and any identifying features, such as its fruit, blooms and size.

Now you’re ready to begin sleuthing. Go forth with confidence, tree detective!

Tree Identification by Leaf

Tree leaves hold the answer to, “What type of tree is this?”

If you’d like to use an app, scroll to find the best one below.

Or, you can take The Arbor Day...

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The two most common wood types used for making pallets are southern yellow pine (SYP) and oak.

A

former study

done by the USDA and Virginia tech determined that

SYP made up 18.9% of all woods used

while

oak made up 17.1%

(by volume). Both oak and SYP actually contain several species that make up the woods classification which is based on the density of the wood.


Pallet made of Southern Yellow Pine

Why southern yellow pine?

Pine lumber is commonly used in pallets due to its

availability

and

low cost

. It also can be kiln dried and provides a

clean product

needed for many applications such as

pharmaceutical

or

food-related

industries.

Why oak?
Oak is commonly used due to its strength and availability. While originally cut for more profitable markets, leftover oak lumber that doesn’t make a high enough grade for furniture is then used in pallet production. Oak is also one of the stronger...

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When making a woodworking project, you need good joinery and good glue to hold your project together. But when it comes types of wood glue, there are many options out there.

Today we’ll learn about the different types of glue woodworkers use, how to choose a glue that works well for your project, and my overall favorite glue to use, which may be a bit of an unconventional choice. Check our free woodworking classes, which teach you things like project finishing tips.

Learn to select the fundamental tools for creating fine-quality furniture and household accessories.

1. PVA glue

Polyvinyl acetate (PVA) glue is the most common type of glue out there. It’s so common that if you have a bottle of glue in your house, it’s likely to be PVA glue. White glue, yellow glue, and bottles of “wood glue” are all likely to be PVA glue. Some special formulations of PVA glue such as Titebond III are waterproof. The advantage of PVA glue is that it is readily available at...

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When looking to cut precise curves in wood, in most cases there is no better tool to choose than the band saw. That being said, a quality band saw will do a lot more than just cut curves. They are great for cutting tenons and some smaller rabbets, for ripping small pieces of stock and for resawing thin strips from larger pieces of wood.

With all the different band saw types, sizes, and options available, how do you know which band saw is right for you?

Types of Band Saws:

There are two main types of band saws, floor-standing cabinet models, and units that are shorter, for mounting either on a dedicated stand or on a bench top. Cabinet models are typically built for professional use, whereas the smaller units are better suited for the home-based woodworker. The cabinet models have more features and larger motors, and usually, feature a stronger frame which leads to more consistent cutting. That isn't to say, however, that one cannot get professional results...

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Welcome to part 2 of our series on wood types. This week I’ll be discussing Oak. If you haven’t already read part 1, feel free to go check it out here: All about Pine Wood.

A little history of Oak

Oak (or quercus as it is known in Latin) is a hardwood with some 400 known species. It has always been a popular wood in The UK, but in recent times it is even more widely used in construction and also as internal fixtures in clubs and gyms etc. For furniture construction oak has become ever more the wood of choice, a trend expanding year on year since the year 2000 when China, India and Indonesia substantially increased their export markets. Pine has been the wood to suffer from oak’s popularity as it is more widely available in the Far East.

The flowers of many oak trees are known as catkins and they are produced by oaks when they reach their reproductive age which is typically aged 20. They are triggered by rising temperatures in spring. Ultimately it is the...

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There’s a lot of confusion about how, when and where to use wood oils. It’s no surprise really, when there are so many to choose from: teak oil, tung oil finish, Danish oil, oak furniture oil and many more, some of which are specifically designed for certain types of wood. Oil for oak furniture, for example.

We thought it’d be helpful to take a look at wood oils and how to use them, and answer some of the most common questions on the subject.

First, what is wood oil?

Oil is one of the most popular ways to finish wood. The protection delivered by oils isn’t quite as robust and effective as contemporary wood finishing products like varnishes. But on the plus side, oils tend to bring out the character of the wood better, they’re made of natural products, plus they’re very easy to apply and maintain.

Osmo Polyx Oil

Types of wood oil – And how to use them

Danish oil and teak oil dry faster than linseed oil, which is traditionally used on...

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Forget for a moment what you should do for your wood floor. Here are ten things you should avoid doing to your wood floor!

Wood floors are made from an organic material that continues to be affected by its environment and the maintenance materials you choose to apply to it. We believe that a well maintained wood floor is an investment and can add to the aesthetic of your home in significant ways.

In order to keep your wood floor looking its best, we suggest you order from Arboritec’s line of wood floor care products and our Complete Wood Floor Care Kit is a great place to start.

Aside from what you should do for your wood floor, here are ten things you should avoid doing to your floor.

Do not use abrasives or harsh chemicals to clean your floor. We do not recommend the use of ammonia, vinegar, dish washing detergent, powdered all-purpose cleaner, Endust, Pledge, oil soap, or any type of wax or silicone base products on your floor. Do not use hard casters...
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