How to and what tools do I use to cable between 3 floors at my house.

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From an Engadget report:

Mesh networking has become trendy for folks looking to fill every nook and cranny of their homes with Wi-Fi. So it should be no surprise that the makers of the most iconic router ever is unveiling its own system. The Linksys tri-band Velop setup is a modular system that the company says is made to expand as your needs do. Each Velop Tri-Band 2x2 802.11ac Wave 2 MU-MIMO node pulls quadruple duty as a router, range extender, access point and bridge. According to Linksys, each Velop is capable of a combined speed of 2,200 Mbps. It's like having a bunch of little routers in your home all working together to make sure you can stream The OA regardless of which room you're in.

Linksys' Velop will set you back by at least $200 for an individual modular, with the pack of two and three priced at $350 and $500, respectively. This makes it costlier than Google's Wi-Fi router, which starts at $129.


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Your tools and materials can vary a lot on your needs and what you already may have.

Tools

Ethernet crimping tool (only if you're putting plug on the ends) $0 True geeks should have one
Drill (primarily for drilling through wall top plates, but makes screwing faster too) $0 Already had
Paddle bit or hole saw (size will vary by how many cables you're running) $0 Borrowed Dads
Pointed hand saw (this makes it easy to cut holes for the gang boxes/wall plates) $0 Borrowed
Strong string or a fish tape $0 Had it laying around
Label Maker (optional) $0 Had it
Pencil $0 had it
Sharpie type Marker $0 Had it
Ruler $0 Had it (I'm noticing a trend)
Stud finder $0 Had it
Punchdown tool (optional) $0 Cause I used a small screwdriver
Laptop or Cable tester (to test each drop) $0 Had a laptop

Materials

1000' spool Cat-5e or Cat-6 (more or less based on your need) $0 Free from a friend
Single Gang Retrofit...

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May 8, 2012

I am currently wanting to make a wired network to save buying a wireless router. The house is unfinished so holes can still be made. I need network modular outlets in 8 rooms, I want to use some type of ethernet cable and connect wire them up to a multi outlet on a wall elsewhere. So I can connect to these without there being loads of wires everywhere. The problem is I don't know which ethernet wire to buy and also I don't know which outlets, tools etc. I need to buy also. I preferably would like the network to have speed of about 1gb. How to wire these and if there is a specific way of wiring them.



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Sep 20, 2011

I'm currently in the process of buying the new property, which is in the build process and would like to put some cables across 3 floors, which would be connected to the router downstairs.

Aug 3, 2011

I currently have one wireless router in my house. Of course its hooked up...

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Running new wires and physically extending your home network in existing construction is a hassle at best and a nightmare at worst. You don’t need to fish cable and tear up dryway to run new cable; you can use your home’s electrical wiring as a high speed home network. Read on as we show you how.

What Is Powerline Networking?

Most of us think of the electrical wiring in our homes as a one-trick pony (albeit with a very valuable trick): the wires deliver the power that makes modern life possible and very comfortable. There’s another trick those very wires are capable of, though, and when you’re dreading the thought of running network cable through your walls, punching holes in the drywall for new drops, and otherwise spending a weekend (or longer) on a network renovation it can be a real life saver.

In addition to simple power transmission the electrical wiring in your home can be used to transmit data when coupled with the right hardware. How is this...

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(project completed in 2001/2002)

One of the very first projects I decided to do when I bought the house was to replace all the existing phone and cable TV wiring with structured wiring. This was really quite a project, and helped to familiarize me with all the little nooks and crannies of the place.

If you are a technically-minded person (I happen to be a software developer), or comfortable with running electrical wires, running wiring like this through your house yourself is not very difficult, and will save you a ton of money.

Important Note: Some time after I completed this work, when I was investigating getting a permit for wiring my shed for my woodworking tools, I found out that 1. It would have required a permit and 2. Homeowners where I live are not allowed to apply for the permit or do the work themselves. In Anne Arundel County in Maryland, even though Home Depot and Lowes sell all the "do it yourself" stuff locally within the county, any and all...

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I really hate WiFi, and you should too. If you own your own home or your landlord doesn’t mind a few holes in the wall, running gigabit Ethernet around the house is the best thing you can do for a faster computing experience. But what’s all this about Cat 6 or crossover cables? Here’s everything you need to know about Ethernet cabling.

We also have a free, downloadable guide to home networking with more information on the software side of a home network, such as printer and file sharing.

What’s wrong with WiFi?

WiFi will always be slower than a cabled connection. You probably won’t notice a difference if you have the latest mobile devices all with 802.11ac paired with an appropriate router (Should you buy an 802.11ac router? Should You Buy A Wireless 802.11ac Router? ), but this only applies to a handful of devices and only in ideal situations. In most homes, you have all manner of other wireless networks...

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Now that we’ve determined ethernet offers much better download speeds than wifi, how do we make it happen? There’s a great article on Instructables (via LifeHacker) covering some high-level topics, and I encourage you to check that out. I’ll try not to simply repeat all those steps here, but offer some alternatives on my particular installation.

Wiring a two-story house with a basement wasn’t easy, but with some drywall-patching experience, running cables between floors is possible. I have cable service coming in from the street into the basement, so that’s where it made the most sense to install the cable modem (the in-house coax cables are pretty shoddy, so avoiding them allows the cable modem to get a stronger signal). There’s a Wi-Fi access point down there, and a CAT-7 cable that runs up two floors into the attic, then back down to a closet where another Wi-Fi access point is set up, along with a switch and some other gear. The TV on the main floor and office also have...

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Virtual LANs (VLANs) are an abstraction to permit a single physical network to emulate the functionality of multiple parallel physical networks. This is handy because there may be situations where you need the functionality of multiple parallel physical networks but you'd rather not spend the money on buying parallel hardware. I'll be speaking about Ethernet VLANs in this answer (even though other networking technologies can support VLANs) and I won't be diving deeply into every nuance.

A Contrived Example and a Problem

As a purely contrived example scenario, imagine you own an office building that you lease to tenants. As a benefit of the lease, each tenant will get live Ethernet jacks in each room of the office. You buy a Ethernet switch for each floor, wire them up to jacks in each office on that floor, and wire all the switches together.

Initially, you lease space to two different tenants-- one on the floor 1 and one on 2. Each of these tenants configures...

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Wires running along the floor are unsightly and may pose a safety hazard.

Need a new phone jack in your bedroom or installing speakers for your home theater system? While you could simply string the wires along the floor, it’s best to snake the wires inside walls or under floors.

Wiring new construction before the drywall goes in is a piece of cake compared to fishing them through existing walls and floors. But with careful planning, a few special tools, and the right techniques, running wires in the wall of your home may be easier than you might think.

If you’re not up to the challenge, consider running the wires in special hollow moldings that take the place of standard crown molding or quarter round.

Tools


Fish tape

Tools needed for running wires:

Drill and bits Stud Finder Measuring Tape Flashlight Drywall keyhole Saw Fish Tape or Wire Coat Hanger Electrical Tape String and fishing weight

Before You...

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Go big or go home. If you're going through all the trouble to pull wires through existing walls, don't pull just one. It's only slightly more work to pull two wires than to pull one. Doing the project a second time in a few years is twice as much work, though!

Think about everything you might want (IP networking, surveillance cameras, cable or satellite TV, telephone, speaker wires, home automation control signalling). Then add a bunch of extras. Cat-6 is a good choice, because it can carry most things you might want.

Consider a single conduit. During a major bathroom remodel & replumbing job, I had the plumber put conduit from the attic to the "wiring closet". He went a little nuts, putting two 4" conduits in - one for high voltage, one for low voltage. This makes it relatively easy to add a new service anywhere. Unfortunately, this was after I had finished running structured wiring.

Since a small part of your basement is unfinished, you might want to run...

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1

Decide if you want to install a modem in your cable TV system. A modem provides Internet service through your cable system.

2

Choose an in-line amplifier. In-line amplifiers are available at electronic stores. Use an in-line amplifier if your splitter has more than 2 outlets or if you intend to expand the cable wiring in the future.

3

Place the in-line amplifier. The amplifier does not need to be mounted or visible when the wiring is complete. Leave it on the floor with the cable in an area without foot traffic. The amplifier must be accessible to perform the wiring.

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Connect the in-line signal amplifier. Connect a cable from the cable outlet connector of the house to the inlet of the amplifier. The cables must be RG6 coaxial cable predetermined with F connectors on both ends. These types of cables are available at electronic stores.

5

Choose the signal splitter. Each splitter will have 1 in...

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CATV Cables and Components

RF Cables

Okay, let's start by talking about cables. Early CATV television was transmitted over 300 ohm twin-lead cable aka biaxial cable(or just 'biax' or short). This cable resembles speaker wire or lamp cord. It was determined early on that there was a high degree of attenuation and little or no shielding to hold the CATV RF signals in and fend-off external RF signals/noise. Essentially, this biax cable, over certain lengths, acted like a big antenna both radiating and receiving unwanted RF noise. Running biax near other large metal objects, electrical wiring or electric devices would usually guarantee some unwanted electromagnetic interference.

So it was determined that coaxial cable made a better conduit for RF transmission. Coax has an inner conductor, an outer conductor(usually referred to as the shielding), and a plastic or foam core between the two(usually referred to as...

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First thing you need to do is decide on a "path" that you want the wiring to take throughout your home. Remember that in most cases the wall studs will be placed vertically, floor to ceiling. Ceiling joist positions vary from builder, house, code etc. Go into the attic and look around, or cut a small hole somewhere in the ceiling and take a look.

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Keep in mind that less work is better. So try to arrange your path so you can minimize drywall cutting and drilling. Enclosed ceilings (like in a two story home) are more challenging because you will need to cut out a lot of drywall if you need to run the cable across the joists rather than along them.

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For the sake of this article we're going to imagine that we are running one length of Cat5 Ethernet cable from a router on the first floor to an office on the second floor of our home.

Substitute "Ethernet" cable for any cable you are running. The only thing that changes are the connections at...

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Intro

Some municipalities require either armored cable or conduit rather than NM. Even if your local codes do not demand it, you may choose to install armored cable for added safety, especially wherever cable is exposed.

Pluses and minuses
The coiled metal sheathing that wraps armored cable protects its wires from puncture by nails, unless a nail hits it dead-center. (Even conduit cannot offer absolute protection against a direct hit.) You may want to run armored cable behind moldings where it comes near nails. Armored cable costs more than NM, takes longer to strip and clamp, and can't make tight turns. With some practice you can install armored cable nearly as quickly as NM cable.

BX cable has no ground wire, is common in older homes, and is still available in some areas. Local code may limit use of BX to no more than 6 feet; then ground wire must be used. MC cable has a green-insulated ground wire, used like the bare ground wire in NM...

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