Likelyhood of lead paint in 1970s build UK


Get a rub-stick lead test kit, they're very easy & cheap. My understanding is that you didn't ban lead paint until 1990 in the stores. Bright yellow is a clear indicator it's lead, that started out navy blue. I'm kidding of course.

But, lead paint's only bad if you swallow it so don't lick or eat any, though it's the color of cake frosting (icing, cream, schmootz) & wash your hands liberally with lots of soap & water, for once in your life, after actually handling it & anything that might have stuck to it for 40+ years. Looking at it doesn't require decontamination.

Secondly, just don't scrape it nor sand it. Yep, no scraping & no Sandpaper or Pricker Cloth or Dragon's Skin or Stubble Pads, whatever you might call it over there. It's fine to peel, pick & lift off with a putty knife (yeah, whatever). Paint Stripper (no that's not a "dancer") is also fine. But, most people pass it on to the next person & paint over it with a Lead Encapsulating Paint. You should go that...

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Stop sanding immediately! Lead based dust is the worst threat of all. Simply painting over it to encapsulate it is the simplest measure.

To fully remove the lead paint is a big chore, and important to do right. Look for local community classes if you can - the local one here had some classes on lead certification. The short answer is, you have to seal the area off with plastic, wear a hazmat suit, scrape it all off and remove the paint from the premise, and then clean up all the dust.

You can google around and turn up tons of hits for lead removal procedures, here's the first I found and looks pretty good:

One tool I used in my own lead paint removal was

While it is stated not to use heat guns to remove lead paint, this one is a much lower temperature version that is much safer. The fumes are still an issue so make sure there is ventilation to outside...

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What you could have done was get a mask for lead based paint - microfibers - like painters air particulate masks. Then you could have easily cleaned up the mess with your vacuum (let the vacuum sit outside and the hose inside.

With your version of the word 'Mom' used as 'Mum' - are you in the UK or Michigan?

Put your sheets outside and vacuum them outside.

You should have worn protective equipment while cleaning the paint because you breathed those particulates in. Before any painting job on an old home - lead based paint test should be completed.

Lead based paints were outlawed in the USA in 1978 - however that did not mean that you could not get stocks of those paints after that date - nor did it guarantee that people did not already have stocks of them and paint rooms or paint the house with it.





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We removed a layer of thick textured wallpaper on a wall in the dining room of our 1959 split-level; it came off very easily in large strips. Unfortunately underneath it is a layer of much older (1970s?) and much uglier wallpaper which comes off only with extensive elbow grease, and immediately under that (we've only removed a small area so far) is a layer of flaking leaded paint (verified both by small-squares flaking pattern and with a home lead test kit). To add additional complexity, all of this is on top of some kind of 1/2in composite wallboard; we can only access a very small area of what's behind the wallboard, but it seems to be a plaster wall, also with leaded paint on it.

Our goal here is a flat paintable surface, and (much more importantly) not lead-poisoning our children.

Options we are considering:

1) Hire lead-abatement professionals to strip everything down to the plaster, and then see what we need to do from there. We can't really afford...

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I'm stripping some paint from a very old door in my house - it's probably about 120 years old. Given the age, it's picked up several layers of paint over the years. I've already stripped the skirting boards that are of a similar age with no problems: the paint just peeled right off.

On the door, however, the paint is coming off in a rather inconsistent way. The top two layers seem relatively thin, and are coming off without too much hassle, though the paint is turning into what seems more like glue than paint as it's coming off. The lower layers (pictured) are much harder to get off (in other words, it's not coming off in one go).

For the lower layers, even leaving the heat gun on an area for a little while, the paint doesn't 'bubble' and just softens (or comes off unevenly, as in the picture). As a result, I'm having to be quite rough with it to remove it, essentially using the heat to soften it up and then scrape it off manually with force.

I was wondering,...

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The magic words you want are "RRP", the EPA Renovation, Repair and Painting rules. For a simple residential demolition that's all you need. For details see

Homeowners can take the RRP certification course (I did), but in most cases you'll want to ask the contractor for their RRP certification number, and ensure that the certified renovator is on site during the work. Every certified renovator is also a certified trainer, authorized to train and supervise the workers at a particular job site.

The level of lead in the paint does not matter at all under RRP rules. And the hazard depends not on the level of lead, but rather the work practices used. Sanding without a HEPA vacuum, for example, can put a huge amount of lead in the air even if the paint is relatively benign.

Note the gold standard for lead testing is not paint chip analysis, but rather XRF testing. By investing in XRF testing you'll...

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Most lead-based paint in the United Kingdom was banned from sale to the general public in 1992, apart from for specialist uses. Prior to this lead compounds had been used as the pigment and drying agent in different types of paint, for example brick and some tile paints

White lead paint[edit]

Until the early 1960s white lead (lead carbonate/lead sulphate) was added in substantial quantities as the main white pigment in some paint products intended for use as a primer or top coat over metal and wood, both internally and externally. Examples of where this type of paint may have been used are skirting boards, doors, door frames, stairs, banisters, window frames and sills, wooden flooring, radiators, and pipes, though it could also have been applied to any other surface at this time e.g. plaster walls.

Prior to this the concentration of white lead in paint rose to its highest levels between the years 1930 and 1955, as much as half the volume in some paints,...

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Lead-based paint was widely used in the United States, because of its durability. The United States banned the manufacture of lead-based house paint in 1978 due to health concerns.

Lead has long been considered to be a harmful environmental pollutant. Cited cases of lead poisoning date back to the early 20th century.[1] In the July 1904 edition of its monthly publication, paint manufacturer Sherwin-Williams reported the dangers of paint containing lead, noting that a French expert had deemed lead paint "poisonous in a large degree, both for the workmen and for the inhabitants of a house painted with lead colors."[2]

Congress banned the use of lead-based paint in 1971,[3] and the Consumer Product Safety Commission followed with implementing regulations, effective in 1978.[4] Additional regulations regarding lead abatement, testing and related issues have been issued by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Much of the government's response to the lead...

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Lead Paints and Leaded Gas Lead is a serious health hazard. It can cause a myriad of health problems, (kidney failure, pulmonary, cardiac disease, brain atrophy/damage, and s

…o on. It is still a problem for many people especially children, living in low-income substandard housing. The switch from leaded petrol to unleaded petrol was due to the introduction of catalytic converters in the exhaust systems in the early 1970s. Lead based anti-knock compounds would contaminate the catalyst in the catalytic converter by leaving a thin coating of lead on or reacting with catalyst rendering it ineffective and ultimately causing the converter to clog. Older vehicles without converters were allowed to continue using leaded fuel until it was phased out in the mid 1980s. The thought that this lead was also getting into our air and contributing to the build-up in our bodies was not considered until later. In the mid 1990s, imported vinyl mini-blinds were found to be another source of lead...
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When lead-based paint was marketed before 1978, it was a legal product in great demand because it was washable and durable. It was repeatedly endorsed by the U.S., state, and local governments and specified for use on government buildings until the mid-1970s. Its use peaked in 1922, and by 1940 the use of white lead pigments for interiors was on the way out.

When white lead pigments were used in paints, currently reported risks to children were unknown and unknowable. That’s because medical knowledge of the risks of lead evolved over a century. As plaintiffs’ experts admitted in the Santa Clara, California trial, information on the risks of lead paint was always publicly available and known to public health officials of the day, and the lead pigment and paint manufacturers never conducted secret studies or hid information from the public or public health officials.

What follows is a brief chronological history of the use of lead-based paint in the United...

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What is lead poisoning?

Lead is a highly toxic metal and a very strong poison. Lead poisoning is a serious and sometimes fatal condition. It occurs when lead builds up in the body.

Lead is found in lead-based paints, including paint on the walls of old houses and toys. It is also found in:

art suppliescontaminated dustgasoline products sold outside of the United States and Canada

Lead poisoning usually occurs over a period of months or years. It can cause severe mental and physical impairment. Young children are most vulnerable.

Children get lead in their bodies by putting the lead containing objects in their mouths. Touching the lead and then putting their fingers in their mouths may also poison them. Lead is more harmful to children because their brains and nervous systems are still developing.

Lead poisoning can be treated, but any damage caused cannot be reversed.

What are the symptoms of lead...

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This page was last edited on 19 December 2017, at 04:32.

Most in the was banned from sale to the general public in 1992, apart from for specialist uses. Prior to this lead compounds had been used as the pigment and drying agent in different types of paint, for example brick and some tile paints

White lead paint

Until the early 1960s white lead (/) was added in substantial quantities as the main white pigment in some paint products intended for use as a primer or top coat over metal and wood, both internally and externally. Examples of where this type of paint may have been used are skirting boards, doors, door frames, stairs, banisters, window frames and sills, wooden flooring, radiators, and pipes, though it could also have been applied to any other surface at this time e.g. plaster walls.

Prior to this the concentration of white lead in paint rose to its highest levels between the years 1930 and 1955, as much as half the volume in some paints, meaning many...

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They found that lead exposure had a powerful and significant effect on children

Researchers at Princeton University and Brown University uncovered a link between exposure to lead in peoples’ younger years and criminal behaviour.

The material was a key component in paint during the 1960s and 1970s, before it was banned from house paint in 1976.

Leaded gasoline was also phased out between 1979 and 1986.

Links have been established between getting into trouble in school and going on to be involved in crime as adults.


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The most dangerous residential streets in the UK

Exposure to lead in preschool years significantly increases the likelihood children will be suspended or incarcerated during school, the study found.

They correlated falling rates of antisocial behaviour with the decline in lead paint used over the past few decades.

Researchers discovered children aged up to six-years-old who had...

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Lead paint was used extensively in homes until the late 1970s. Lead was used as an additive to paint
to increase durability and drying speeds and to resist moisture and deterioration. However, soon people
began to realize the negative health consequences of lead exposure and lead paint was subsequently banned
for domestic use.

Regardless of this ban, lead paint still exists in many older homes. Before you start your home renovation
project, take precautionary steps to ensure that you do not put yourself or your family at a dangerous

Common Sources of Lead Paint

Lead paint was commonly used on interior and exterior surfaces, including:

Interior walls Staircase railings Stairs Doors Floor trim Windowsills Porches Exterior painted surfaces Interior woodwork

If your house was built before 1978, it is likely that lead paint exists somewhere in your home. Lead
particles are harmful if inhaled...

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There’s nothing quite like the joy of living in a home with character, craftsmanship, and history within its walls. Yet, while remodeling an older house is a fun and worthwhile adventure, it’s important to note that most homes built before 1978 contain—or once contained—paint made with lead, which we now know can cause a host of health problems, especially for children. Originally used for its fresh appearance, quick-drying properties, and resistance to moisture, lead-based paint was proven dangerous decades ago and its use was quickly discontinued. However, in many places, these original coats of paint are still present on walls, windowsills, and baseboards today. As a result, if you’re moving into an old home in the modern age, it’s critical that you know how to test for lead paint, especially if renovations are on the horizon.

Ensure your home is safe before settling in by following these key five steps:

Choose the appropriate DIY lead...
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In lead poisoning questionnaires, they always list as living or spending a lot of time in a home built before 1950 or if it was built before 1978 and is being remodeled as risk factors for a child having lead poisoning. Why the differences? If I live in a home built before 1978 and it isn't being remodeled, are my kids at risk for lead poisoning?

It depends.

Lead Paint

Lead is a heavy metal that has been used for a long time.

From pots and water pipes to cosmetics and paint, lead has been used since ancient times. And of course, lead was added to gas in the 1920s to raise gasoline's octane level, making it perform better.

But why was lead added to paint?

Lead can be used as a pigment. Lead carbonate, for example, is a white paint made from lead, vinegar, and carbon dioxide, and was once used to paint the White House. It was also used in many classical European oil paintings.

Lead paint can also be made in other colors and is durable...

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Asbestos in Home Construction

The characteristics of asbestos that made it valuable in industrial applications made it a useful component of many home construction materials. Asbestos roofing shingles were developed as a fire resistant alternative to wooden shakes or shingles; they were flexible and easy to work with and were a natural fire retardant rather than a combustible material. Asbestos house siding was brought into use for similar reasons: it was fire resistant, provided some insulating capacity and was easier to mount than shiplap or shingled siding. Asbestos siding was also not susceptible to dry rot or splintering.

At some point in the nation’s industrial development an inventive construction professional realized what the addition of asbestos to cement could accomplish. Asbestos fibers in cement acted as a natural bonding agent, causing the cement to set more readily and rendering it less likely to crack. For decades asbestos was an additive to Portland...

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As Builders in Stoke on Trent, Staffordshire and Cheshire we come up against all sorts of Health and Safety issues, but one of the most dangerous substances that we come across is asbestos…we have sourced some useful information that every householder should be aware of:

Many people have worries about asbestos, but undisturbed it usually poses no problems. However, care should be taken to prevent the release of fibres as they can cause serious damage to your health. Fibre release is normally due to disturbance caused by refurbishment, re-decoration or removal of the asbestos. This risk is taken very seriously by the Council and in Council run properties, such as libraries, schools and residential homes all work to asbestos is carried out by licensed contractors.

This guide addresses concerns and questions about asbestos in the home. It explains what it is, where it is found, why it might be a problem and how to deal with it.


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Tiger, I hope you find the responses here somewhat reassuring. I hope you're still checking back too!

Regardless of how small the chances were, it is not a good feeling to realize the risks you took even if you got away without injury (I used to drink and drive when I was young and stupid).

I think the smart course now would be first, to realize you cannot change the exposure you may have had. But to recognize it and its possible outcomes is a good idea. You are on the watch, no doubt, for the signs of many illnesses - chest pain and angina, trouble with eating or digesting, blood in the wrong places, pain in the wrong places,and symptoms of a stroke. Stay alert to how you are feeling, keep track of symptoms that emerge and report them to your doctor sooner rather than later if they prove consistent.

Just add it to the things you are vigilant about, healthwise. But do take heart from what's been said here that the chances are minimal that there was damage, and...

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Most products made today do not contain asbestos. Those few products made which still contain asbestos that could be inhaled are required to be labeled as such. However, until the 1970s, many types of building products and insulation materials used in homes contained asbestos. For more information on the 1970's and 1980's bans, click here.

Asbestos was mined and used commercially in North America beginning in the late 1800s. Its use increased greatly during World War II. Since then, it has been used in many industries. For example, the building and construction industry has used it for strengthening cement and plastics as well as for insulation, fireproofing, and sound absorption. The shipbuilding industry has used asbestos to insulate boilers, steampipes, and hot water pipes. The automotive industry uses asbestos in vehicle brakeshoes and clutch pads. More than 5,000 products contain or have contained asbestos.

In the late 1970s, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety...

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