Michigan Kitchen Sink Electrical Requirements


Wondering what the NEC code requirements are for Residential Kitchen outlets. I was told that the two wall outlets on either side of the kitchen sink have to be on separate circuits. The kitchen in my home has one circuit but has a GFCI on both outlets. Is this allowed? The GFCI outlets are wired as required by the manufacturer for proper function.

I actually have many circuits in the kitchen. One for the lights which is AFCI breakered at the box. A dedicated circuit with GFCI for each of these: Garbage disposal, Fridge, Dishwasher. Then I have Two circuits for the countertops. one on the north wall and one on the south wall. All circuits are 20amp on 12 ga wire except for the lights. they are on 14 ga. wire with a 15 amp...

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Do not use paper products when appliance is operated in

the "PAN BROWN" mode (on models with this feature).

Do not store any materials, other than manufacturer's

recommended accessories, in this oven when not in use.

Do not store anything directly on top of the microwave oven

when the microwave oven is in operation.

Do not deep fry in microwave oven. Microwavable utensils

are not suitable, and it is difficult to maintain appropriate

deep frying temperatures.

Do not cover or block any openings on the microwave




(a) Do not attempt to operate this oven with the door open

since open-door operation can result in harmful exposure

to microwave energy. It is important not to defeat or

tamper with the safety interlocks.

(b) Do not place any object between the oven...

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In chapter 1, the Michigan Electrical Code outlines general requirements for electrical installations. It prescribes using only approved devices and conductors and using only copper conductors, unless otherwise indicated. When mounting any elements, use solid means of securing and fastening; for example, do not drive wooden plugs into concrete, masonry, plaster or similar substances. In addition, provide open, airy spaces when installing any electrical devices that require ventilation to maintain their cool temperature. Any "live" parts, or elements that carry an electrical current, must not be exposed to human contact. You may shield these parts by enclosure within a dedicated and closed room, by partitions or by elevation at least eight feet above the...

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Frequently Asked Questions about How to Wire a Kitchen

Kitchen Counter Outlets and Back Splashes

Counter Top Back Splash Outlets

Question from Dan:

I have installed the rough wiring for a kitchen, and at the back of what will be the counter top. I estimate will be approximately 2-3 inches clearance I'll have at the base of the outlet box to the top of the counter top. Does code allow for a In back splash outlet? What should I do to extend the wall up more or what?
Dave's Reply:
Dan, the back splash could be treated the same as if it were tile, so installing outlets there should be ok. It would not be ideal because it would require cutting into the back splash, but it would work. You will need to be very careful to plan the location of the outlets and keeping in mind the height of the counter top and the depth of the back splash. A box extension may be required after the back splash is in place. Also make sure the wires will extend 6...
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Check Electrician Schools in Michigan, MI

The guide below is for the persons who reside in Michigan, except City of Grand Rapids (Kent County) or City of Detroit (Wayne County).

As long as you don’t need a license from the 2 cities mentioned above, please skip this part.

If you reside in either of these two cities, you will need to acquire your license through local licensing:

Click here for City of Grand Rapids and go to electrical permit application.

Click here for the electrician home page of City of Detroit, or select one of the following licenses to get information about the process:

Journeyman electricianMaster electricianElectrical contractor

If you want to work as an electrician in Michigan, you will need to obtain a license. The licensing options (7) are the following:

These licenses are provided by the electrical division of the department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA).

For taking the exams under...

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Electrical codes are in place to protect you, the homeowner. These general guidelines apply to new installations and remodels and will give you the basics of what electrical inspectors are looking for. Be sure to check with your local building department because local codes may vary from the recommendations here. Most local codes follow the National Electrical Code (NEC), but there can be variances, and the local code always takes precedence.


Bathrooms use a lot of power and may need more than one circuit. The outlets, or receptacles, must have a 20-amp circuit. The same circuit can supply the entire bathroom, provided there are no heaters (including vent fans with built-in heaters) and the circuit serves only a single bathroom and no other areas. Alternatively, there should be a 20-amp circuit for the receptacles only, plus a 15- or 20-amp circuit for the lighting. Vent fans with built-in heaters must be on their own dedicated 20-amp circuits. All...

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If it doesn’t have a sink and permanent provisions for cooking (ie, a range or oven…countertop micros don’t count) then it’s not considered a kitchen, and kitchen rules don’t apply. 210.8 (GFCI’s) and 210.12 (AFCI’s) do apply though, as do other general sections of the code (ie, load evenly distributed, manufacturer’s instructions, etc.) Personally, I would still use the spacing requirements for the wet-bar countertop as if it were a kitchen though.

210.8 Ground-Fault Circuit-Interrupter Protection for
Personnel. Ground-fault circuit-interruption for personnel
shall be provided as required in 210.8(A) through (C). The
ground-fault circuit-interrupter shall be installed in a
readily accessible location.

(A) Dwelling Units. All 125-volt, single-phase, 15- and 20-
ampere receptacles installed in the locations specified in
210.8(A)(1) through (8) shall have ground-fault circuit interrupter
protection for personnel.

(7) Sinks — located in...

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Electrical Considerations For A Kitchen Remodel

When undertaking a total kitchen remodel (Figure 1) it is important that you plan the electrical requirements, not only to meet electrical code, but to have a kitchen that provides you with the efficient and unencumbered placement and use of small and large appliances, lighting and ventilation.

The National Electrical Code has some minimum requirements for the placement and wiring of electrical outlets (receptacles). It should be noted that individual jurisdictions can have additional and more stringent requirements. It is always wise to check your plans with your local building department before you commence any work. Having to make changes after you have completed the installation can be a very expensive exercise.

The kitchen area requires more electrical power than any other area in a home. If you have an older home, you may face the problem of not having enough additional or spare circuits available to...

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Rule#11: dividing a Countertop (see figs.2,3) If the space depth behind a sink, range, or counter-mounted cooking unit is 12 in. or more or 18 in. or more (depending on the counter configuration), the countertop is still one space, and in this case the wall length behind a sink, range, or counter-mounted cooking unit must be included in measuring the total wall counter space to calculate the number of required Receptacle(s) for this countertop. But if the space depth behind a sink, range, or counter-mounted cooking unit is less than 300 mm (12 in.), countertop will be considered as two separate standalone countertops and rules #1 will be applied for each separate...
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Install kitchen sink project might appear to be an errand that requires uncommon learning, in any case, when you know the steps included in such a venture, it is really a reasonably simple undertaking. The accompanying are various tips to installing kitchen sink channels.

Tags : Joints, Undertaking, Pipes, installation kitchen sink, Torque, how to install kitchen sink plumbing, how to install undermount kitchen sinks, how to install kitchen sink drain, Handymen, install kitchen sink plumbing

Install Kitchen Sink : Install Kitchen Sink With Electrical Plugs

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While look at this photo of Install Kitchen Sink With Electrical Plugs has dimension 800 x 531 pixels, you can download and obtain the Install Kitchen Sink With Electrical Plugs photo by right click on the right click to get...

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Given that electricity and water don't mix, you might assume an electrical outlet must be a specific distance from any sink. In fact, electrical codes set no minimum distance; they set maximums. Always verify that your local building code follows the National Electrical Code, or NEC.

Kitchen Outlets

The NEC requires that any kitchen countertop that's at least 12 inches wide and 24 inches deep must be equipped with electrical outlets. This applies even if there isn't a nearby sink, such as on a bar or island. Additionally, no point on the wall should be farther than 24 inches from an outlet in either direction (meaning 4 feet total between outlets), so you must have an outlet within 2 feet of the kitchen sink. To protect against electrical shock while working in the kitchen, the NEC also requires countertop outlets to be protected with ground-fault circuit interrupters, or GFCIs. No outlets are allowed in the countertop itself.

Bathroom Outlets


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Originally Posted by

mathew stouffer

So do to the distance from the sink to the edge of the countertop exceeding 12 inches, only one outlet is required. correct?


In a word...Correct, because the depth of countertop area behind the sink is greater than 12" the island countertop is a continuous space and unseparated. Focus on 210.52(C)(4) in the 2011, focus on the second paragraph in 210.52(C) in the 2008.

Bottom line, be it 2002, 2005, 2008, or 2011, you need just ONE receptacle location for that pictured and described countertop island shaped like a "D" with a small circular island sink at the flat side. That radius "backside" of the island sink is far more than 12" deep and any portion that is more than 12" makes that connection to the remaining countertop areas on either side of the tiny round sink, etc.(shown in yellow below) is one un-separated, un-interupted, un-divided and continuous flat island countertop area, requiring only one countertop-serving...

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Q. What is the Code rule requiring the installation of a receptacle outlet for a peninsula or island countertop space?

A. At least one receptacle outlet must be installed at each island countertop space with a long dimension of 2 ft or more and a short dimension of 1 ft or more [210.52(C)(2)]. At least one receptacle outlet must be installed at each peninsular countertop with a long dimension of 2 ft or more (and a short dimension of 1 ft or more), measured from the connecting edge [210.52(C)(3)].

The Code doesn't require more than one receptacle outlet in an island or peninsular countertop space, regardless of the length of the countertop, unless the countertop is broken as described in 210.52(C)(4). When breaks occur in countertop spaces for rangetops, refrigerators, or sinks, each countertop space is considered as a separate countertop for determining receptacle placement [210.54(C)(4)].

If a range, counter-mounted cooking unit, or sink is...

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Kitchen Planning Guideline 10: Cleanup/Prep Sink Placement
Recommended: If a kitchen has only one sink, locate it adjacent to or across from the cooking surface and refrigerator.

Kitchen Planning Guideline 11: Cleanup/Prep Sink Landing Area
Recommended: Include at least a 24-inch-wide landing area* to one side of the sink and at least an 18-inch-wide landing area on the other side.

If all of the countertop at the sink is not at the same height, then plan a 24-inch landing area on one side of the sink and 3 inches of countertop frontage on the other side, both at the same height as the sink.

The 24 inches of recommended landing area can be met by 3 inches of countertop frontage from the edge of the sink to the inside corner of the countertop if more than 21 inches of countertop frontage is available on the return.

*Landing area is measured as countertop frontage adjacent to a sink and/or an appliance. The countertop must be at least 16 inches...

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