Using an 18.3 AMP appliance over 14 gauge wiring

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If you are in the US, 14 AWG copper wire is allowed to be protected by a fuse or circuit breaker rated no larger than 15A, and 12 AWG wire at 20A. If the loads are continuous (greater than 3-hour operation), then they should be limited to 80% of those values (12A for 14 AWG, 16A for 20 AWG) because the overcurrent devices will slowly heat up at rated load and could engage in nuisance tripping.

You can plug 30A total into one circuit only if you don't run everything at the same time, limiting the current to 12 or 15A as stated above. Or you can spread the devices into several circuits so that no circuit has more than 12 or 15A on it.

If you do plug in too many loads and run them all at once, the overcurrent device will trip, so the condition is not unsafe in and of itself. But you will have an interruption of power.

Under no circumstance should you change the fuse or circuit breaker to 20A if you have 14 AWG wire. It would be a code violation and is a classic reason...

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Whenever a circuit is extended or rewired, or when any new circuit is installed, it is critical that the new wiring is made with wire conductors that are properly sized for the amperage rating of the circuit, as determined by the size of the circuit breaker controlling it. Higher amperage circuits require wires of larger diameter to avoid excessive heat and reduce the danger of fire. In smaller wires, too much current flowing through them creates excessive resistance and more heat.

But how do you know what size wire to use?

Wire is sized by the American Wire Gauge (AWG) system. What wire size and circuit size is proper for your installation is determined by several factors, including the planned load on the circuit, the number of outlets or light fixtures, and the length of the circuit. What is critical, though, is that the wire gauge matches the circuit breaker size.

If you've shopped for electrical wire, you have likely noticed that there are many types and...

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Wire gauge grows smaller as the diameter of the wire increases, thus a 2 AWG wire carries more electricity safely than a 12-gauge wire. Wire ampacity specifies the amount of electricity a specific gauge wire carries without becoming hot and causing a fire. Electricians often use 14-gauge copper wire, rated at 15 amps for light fixtures and lamps, but they use 12-gauge wire for receptacles, air conditioners, sump pumps and other appliances requiring up to 20 amps. Clothes dryers, water heaters and ovens require 30 amps of electricity, thus the electrician installs 10-gauge wire for these appliances.

The longer a wire the greater the resistance. While the wire gauge amp chart information is adequate for wiring in the typical home, in applications where runs are longer than normal, the electrician must consider the resistance the additional length adds to the circuit to ensure it continues to operate safely without overheating.

Learn more about...
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Most of the circuit breakers in your panel are probably rated for 20 amps and can handle appliances as well as light circuits. You may have one or more circuits dedicated to lights, however, with each being controlled by a 15-amp breaker. The minimum wire size for those 15-amp circuits is 14-gauge.

Resistive Heating

Resistance in electrical conductors produces heat when electricity is flowing, and the amount of heat varies inversely with the cross-sectional area of the conductor. 14-gauge wire has a smaller cross-sectional area than 12-gauge and would overheat on a circuit controlled by a 20-amp breaker if the circuit was passing the maximum current. A 15-amp breaker, on the other hand, will trip before 14-gauge wire overheats. Because it has even less chance of overheating, 12-gauge wire is also acceptable on a 15-amp circuit.

Recommendation

Because it's thinner and lighter, 14-gauge wire is easier to run than 12-gauge wire. However, 12-gauge wire is...

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What I have laughed about for years is the 12/2; 14/2 debate for wiring in a home.

What I have seen over and over is that people who like to "overkill" everything and don't work with Electricity everyday tend to go 12/2 for everything. Sometimes even 10/2 for all outlets and 12/2 for all lighting. Those who work with it day after day and know what REALLY goes on in home wiring have a majority 14/2 for outlets and 14/2 for all lighting; with 12/2 reserved for where code requires it.

I've pulled wire in everything from major powerplants to backyard sheds. Huge office complexes to an extra outlet by a desk in a home office. 14/2 for all lighting, and most receptacle circuits in my own home, 12/2 where required... just like SouthGeorgia it sounds like. Just like every other Electrician I know who has wired their own home. There are things I do in every home I wire that is above and well beyond the NEC requirements (which are the minimum remember), one of which is a...

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There's a mishmash of highly dangerous misunderstanding going on here.

NO electric range, apartment (20") or full (30") size notwithstanding, should be connected to anything less than a #8 wire. No. 10 wire is simply not heavy enough to carry the potential amperage an electric range can draw.

And a certain size breaker is not specified because it will make the range operate better; it has nothing to do with that.

Electrical conductors (wires) OPERATE a range and the breaker to which the wires are connected PROTECT the wires.

You can play with all the math you want to, but you can't escape the fact that a #10 wire is rated to carry a maximum of 30 amps and will not be protected by a breaker which won't snap until more than 40 amps hit it. A #10 wire will burn up (and burn your house down) before that 40-amp breaker even thinks about snapping.

And limiting each use to only one or two burners or just the oven will not bypass the potential for...

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There are numerous applications for this wiring but typically it is used supply two separate power lines to a common area. Such as a having a outlet where one outlet that always has power and the other goes through a switch. Duplex lighting, were to switches control a light or bathroom fans where both then fan and the lighting have separate switches.

This type of wire can also be used to 220 VAC systems but typically 220 VAC system used larger currents and would require a larger gauge wire. The one type of wiring that should not be used is to provide double the current from the same phase to a location. While there is double the current capacity on the hot wire there is still only 15 Ampere capacity on the neutral wire.

A related wiring type of connecting two plugs of an outlet to two phases which allows doubling the current capacity of a outlet due to the fact that the neutral wire only has to carry the difference in the current between the 2 phases. However, I...

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Here I intend to give clear information on a number of basic house wiring issues that may be unfamiliar or confusing to the do-it-yourselfer. These certainly don't cover everything you might want to know. In what I say I am careful to qualify my statements if they have exceptions, using words like "usually" or "typically." If a practice is specified by the National Electrical Code I will tend to indicate this by "is to be," "should," or "must," and I won't talk that way if the matter is just common practice.

For problems with existing wiring, circuits, and connections, be sure to see my Main page. For issues about some particular appliances see this. To understand electrical terms see the Glossary. For wire ampacity and conduit capacity see SparkyJohn.

Cables
Boxes
Connections
Breakers
15-amp versus 20-amp
Main panel

Romex cables. Your wiring could be done with a conduit system or metal-sheathed cables, but in most places...

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For those of us on this side of the pond, lets look at some AWG units.

The size of the wire depends on 2 things, the actual application and the length of the wire. If we are talking about power leads between a battery and speed controller, then the wires have to handle the full input current. If we are talking about wires between the ESC and motor, for brushed motors they have to also be rated at full current. For brushless motors, since the power gets split between 3 wires in an alternating fashion, each wire only needs to half the input current.

Back to your original question: How big does a wire need to be to handle 50 amps? For normal houshold wiring, UL requires at least 300 circular mils of copper per amp of current, and based on this, 50 amps would need 15,000 circular mils. This is equivilent to an 8 gauge wire, which is incredibly huge! This is the size wire they run to an electric stove or electric dryer in your house. They use such a big wire because in a...

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About Rechargeable Battery

Industrial Standard Cylindrical Battery Sizes

What is the cycle life of rechargeable battery?

When a battery experiences a charge and discharge, we call a cycle or a period. In the stated charge and discharge principles and the capacity decline before a stated standard, the total cycles it can undergo called rechargeable battery cycle life.

What is rechargeable battery self discharge?

Primary battery or full charged secondary battery, when put aside for a period, it is capacity will decline or lose, this phenomenon calls self discharge that is electricity flee away. It is decided by the inner electro chemistry system, similar to water leakage from pond or reservoir.

What is battery inner impedance?

Battery impedance is the resistance when the current flow through an operating cell, in general the internal resistance is included both d.c. and a.c. resistance. For the rechargeable cell resistance is small and...

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Our aim for the camper van electrical system is to be able to do without electrical hookups indefinitely, and to be able to be away from any power source for a day or two without much sun and without having to run the engine.

To achieve this we have tried to keep electrical loads down by choosing efficient gadgets, avoided some high power consumption electrical devices, included some extra battery capacity, and a large solar panel to charge the battery when sun is available.

This section goes over the design of the electrical system for the camper conversion, the selection of components, and the installation.

Back to the ProMaster camper van conversion main page…

There are serious safety issues involved with wiring your own system. The voltages are high, and potentially lethal. Doing the system incorrectly can lead to serious consequences down the road.

PV systems have the added hazard that even when the grid power is turned off, the...

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