What's the minimum safe distance from the back of a dryer to a wall?


most toilets are set for a 12" inch rough in, that means before sheet rock and against a wood framed wall you would set your toilet flange 12 inches to the center of the flang

…e to the edge of the wall and if you have something in your way like a floor joist or other you can buy a 10" rough in toilet or you can use a offset toilet flange which will offset your drain pipe from your flange to about 2 inches any direction and if you are setting a flange before a concrete floor I would measure 12.5 inches just to be safe from concrete workers etc hitting your pipes. The rough for a toilet can be 10" - 12" and 14" Depending on the type of toilet installed .. for example a wall hung tank normally would be a 14" rough becvause of the 2" slip ell supply from the Douglas vavle Certain Flushometer top spud require less then a back inlet bowl for finish...
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There are lots of variables to be taken into consideration such as: What explosives are being used (high or low, TNT, natural gas, etc), is the explosion occurring on the ground or mid air (as in a bomb dropped from a plane), and was it completely or partially confined?.

The quick answer is to refer to an establish standard, such as the IED bomb threat stand-off chart. Always assuming that the explosion is outside, if you are in a building/shelter you are much safer (duh). You need to get much farther away if there is nothing between you and the explosion. See below:

But how did they calculate the safe standoff distance? There are multiple methods of calculating the distance effect of the blast wave:

*Using scaled experimental results (blast waves diminish in magnitude as a function of the distance cubed)
*The TNT comparison method (the explosive power of TNT is consistent and has been well documented)
*The Multi-energy method (i really couldn't figure...

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Toilet clearances are an important consideration when planning a bathroom remodel or a new bathroom. These include not only the distances between the toilet and the back and side walls but also the clearance in front of it and the distance to other sanitary fixtures.

Back and Side Walls

The three most important rough-in measurements you need to make before setting the toilet flange are the distances between the center of the waste pipe and the back and side walls. The back wall clearance, which is the distance to the finished back wall, is usually 12 inches, but it can also be 10 or 14 inches, depending in the toilet. The distances to the finished side walls must be at least 15 inches. This means that if the walls are unfinished, the framing must be 15 5/8 inches from the waste pipe center to account for 5/8-inch waterproof bathroom drywall.

User Clearances

The National Kitchen & Bath Association requires at least 24 inches clearance in front of a...

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Good Weather - During daylight with good, dry roads and low traffic volume, you can ensure you're a safe distance from the car ahead of you by following the "three-second rule." The distance changes at different speeds.

To determine the right following distance, first select a fixed object on the road ahead such as a sign, tree or overpass. When the vehicle ahead of you passes the object, slowly count "one one thousand, two one thousand, three one thousand." If you reach the object before completing the count, you're following too closely. Making sure there are three seconds between you and the car ahead gives you time and distance to respond to problems in the lane ahead of you.

Inclement Weather, Heavy Traffic, or Night-Time Driving - In heavy traffic, at night, or when weather conditions are not ideal (eg. light rain, light fog, light snow), double the three second rule to six seconds, for added safety.

Poor Weather - If the weather conditions are very poor,...

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Pick a stove that's the right size for your needs.

Generally, the larger a wood stove is, the hotter it can become when it's full of burning wood. Thus, small rooms can become uncomfortably warm from the heat provided by an especially large wood stove. Most wood stove manufacturers list their stoves'


heat output per hour in British Thermal Units (BTU) - most popular stoves fall between 25,000 to 80,000 BTU. The average medium-sized house requires only about 5,000 to 25,000 BTU - in other words, the maximum output of a small stove

or less

- even during winter.


However, your home's heating needs may differ based on your climate and the size of your house, so, if you have any questions, contact your manufacturer.

Burning your wood stove at its maximum capacity for long periods of time can damage the stove, so you may want to opt for a stove that's slightly larger than what you'll typically need so that you can use it at sub-maximum capacity most of...
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According to the "Visual Handbook of Building and Remodeling," by Charlie Wing (Rodale, 1990, $39.95), most of the heat from a single-wall wood stove comes in the form of infrared radiation. The heat can penetrate combustible materials, alter their composition and make them ignite at lower temperatures. So too much heat could get the studs smoldering before you're even aware there's a problem.

Concrete floor not enough

This is why placement of a wood stove is so important, and why simply setting it on or next to a noncombustible surface, such as concrete or brick, may not be enough: It can still conduct heat to the surface beneath, and that surface may burn.

Conventional wisdom says that all combustible materials -- woodwork, unprotected walls, furniture, firewood, that stack of old newspapers you use to start the fire -- should be 36 inches from the stove. An unprotected stove pipe should be at least 18 inches from an unprotected wall or ceiling.

And if...

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Solar Food Dehydration - without extra gadgets, even in our humid climate
Feeding Ourselves - It is all about nutrition and how to provide it, year-round, every day, multiple times. You can either:

Once you have gotten started with gardening, you will soon have to find a way to deal with the surplus (hopefully you have planned for this!). Not everything can be eaten fresh. Some foods may need to be stored for later consumption. Reducing the amount of energy you use for food storage will further shrink the carbon footprint that you have already reduced by eating locally, growing your food biologically, and replacing your fossil-fueled tools with something more task-appropriate (like a garden fork). Growing and preserving food is a time-honored way of maintaining a "just-in-case" food inventory instead of relying on getting to the store "just-in-time".

Our third preference, in our nutrient-saving, energy-saving hierarchy, is food drying, or dehydration. We...

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Remember the old adage about the shoemaker’s children going without shoes? There was a little bit of that going on in my household before this busy home inspector became aware our clothes dryer was taking a long time to dry a load of clothes, actually taking two and three cycles to dry clothes that once dried in one. Around the same time, I noticed a small moisture stain in the ceiling of my kitchen. Because the bathroom is directly above the kitchen, I assumed the stain was from my daughter splashing water out of the bathtub. It didn’t occur to me that the two problems might be connected, even though the dryer is in the laundry on the second floor, with its exhaust duct running through the floor cavity of the bathroom to the exterior.

Finally, deciding to find out what was wrong with the clothes dryer, I ruled out the heating element as the problem because the clothes were unusually hot at the end of the last cycle. When I examined the dryer while it was in use, I...

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Appliance design has come a long way from the days of pilot lights, rotating dials, and push-button controls. You’d be hard-pressed to find a gas range today without electronic ignition or a microwave oven that doesn’t have touchpad controls. Those innovations make appliances easier to use, but the complexity can also lead to other problems.

“If you compare a first-generation blender that had only an on/off switch with one today that has 14 speeds and a data-storage center [microprocessor], there’s a lot more that can go wrong with the newer unit,” says Stuart Lipoff, vice president of publications at the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

That point is echoed by fire investigator Jack Sanderson, president of Fire Findings, a forensic engineering laboratory in Benton Harbor, Mich. He says that more refrigerators are ending up in his labs for analysis. “It usually has to do with components associated with new compressors,” he says. “I can’t tell...

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