What code requirements exist for low-sill, upper-floor windows?

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We have a room with a high ceiling and a set of four windows.

The windows start at about 7 feet.

The person who lives in the room is not tall and currently has to use a ladder to open and close them.

They are essential for that room's ventilation so she needs to be able to open them completely. It does, however, not matter which way they open (to one of the sides, or up, or down).

What affordable approaches exist to open a window in this height, from down below?

We realize we will probably have to replace the windows in any case.

To make it even more challenging, underneath the windows is a bed so there are limits to moving sideways to open and close the window.

It would be acceptable to have only one or two windows open-able.

They have to be reasonably secure against intrusion (i.e., they need to snap shut somehow.)

What we've considered:

a lever system that leads up to the window, like so I think. Not...

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I own a house in Texas (USA), built in 1885. I am renovating, enclosing the second floor back porch; it's essentially an addition, with a bathroom, a storage closet, and a hallway. The area will be about 6 feet deep; the hall is a short tee, with the closet on the right and the bathroom on the left. I'm doing the work myself (though I did have my plans and the building inspected by an engineer); I have a fair amount of experience in construction and planning, but not a lot with building code (I grew up outside of town, where "building", "permit", and "inspection" are unrelated words).

My house has many tall windows, 84 inches tall, all double hung. Three of these windows faced the porch, so I am moving them (frame, trim, and all) to the (new) outside wall. One window goes in the bathroom, one in the closet, and the third in the hallway. I realize it's a bit odd to put a window in a closet, but it fits the symmetry of the house. Installed, the windows will be about 2 inches...

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In the cases where I've run I to something like this, the hotel originally had open walkways around the rooms -- allowing more light in, and probably cheaper to build -- which were later closed off with an outside wall to provide a sheltered approach to the rooms and to reduce energy needed to heat or cool the rooms. The windows were left in place because there was no pressing reason to pay the cost of redoing that wall.

I can't vouch for that having been true in this case, not having seen it and not knowing the building's history, but it seems more likely than a local code weirdity.

Remember, most hotel staff turns over fairly rapidly, up to and including managers. Odds of anyone actually remembering the reasons for anything done a decade ago are low... but odds of their admitting they don't know aren't much...

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Courtesy of the American Architectural Manufacturers Association

How to Use this Guide

This article focuses on the requirements of the 2015 editions of the IRC and IECC for residential fenestration, with emphasis on the changes that have occurred between the 2012 and 2015 editions of those codes.

The user of this summary is cautioned, however, that it is not intended to be a full discussion of all the requirements of the 2015 International Codes for fenestration products. Relevant sections of the codes are identified and more specific information can be gained by obtaining a copy of the relevant code or codes from ICC.

The user of this summary is also cautioned that any particular jurisdiction may be enforcing other editions of the International Codes. They may also have adopted one or more of the International Codes, and then made their own amendments at the state or local level. As a result, many jurisdictions have their own versions of these...

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Here are my recommendations.

Web Site

If you are using TypeScript on a web site, use modules to enclose a complete and stand-alone chunk of functionality and keep it in one file (unless it becomes unmanageable). Be conservative about how much access "module a" has to the inside bits of "module b".

Bundle and minify all of the generated JavaScript into a single file.

Declare your modules with:

module MyModule { // ... }

And make them available to other code files using a reference:

///

Web App

For a web app, you need to decide how script-heavy things are going to be. If things are going to be lightweight, treat it like a web site. If you are going to have a lot of scripts then AMD is your friend.

With AMD, you can use a folder structure to organise your code. Your files are your modules, so instead of using the module MyModule declaration, you name your file MyModule.ts. You can then organise your code using the folder and...

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Example sentences with "skill requirements", translation memory

Low skills – low requirements Medium skills – medium requirements High skills – high requirements Low skills – high requirements (literacy deficit) High skills – low requirements (literacy surplus) Mismatch between skills and requirements Fit between skills and requirementsCommunication Skills Exceptional ability to communicate verbally Able to communicate well verbally Verbal communication is sometimes unclear and requires explanation Needs some assistance in preparing written materials Sometimes does not listen well to other’s ideas, needs and directions Verbal communication skills require improvement Writing skills require improvement Listening skills require improvementHQP requirements (needs and projects) (1) Broad variety of technical skills required to serve the needs of companies (2) Both technical and practical skill sets are required but it is difficult to find individuals with this combination of skills...
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