What is this green pipe with an open end sticking out of the ground?

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Chapter I

An Unexpected Party

In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit. Not a nasty, dirty, wet hole, filled with the ends of worms and an oozy smell, nor yet a dry, bare, sandy hole with nothing in it to sit down on or to eat: it was a hobbit-hole, and that means comfort.

It had a perfectly round door like a porthole, painted green, with a shiny yellow brass knob in the exact middle. The door opened on to a tube-shaped hall like a tunnel: a very comfortable tunnel without smoke, with panelled walls, and floors tiled and carpeted, provided with polished chairs, and lots and lots of pegs for hats and coats - the hobbit was fond of visitors. The tunnel wound on and on, going fairly but not quite straight into the side of the hill - The Hill, as all the people for many miles round called it - and many little round doors opened out of it, first on one side and then on another. No going upstairs for the hobbit: bedrooms, bathrooms, cellars, pantries (lots of these),...

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3)Sprinkler system - Small diameter plastic pipes sticking up at multiple locations around the yard are probably the remains of a long-gone lawn sprinkler system.

4)Abandoned well - If the pipe is a larger diameter of two to six inches with a threaded end and goes way down into the ground, it may be an abandoned well. Do you see the reflection of water at the bottom when you shine a flashlight down it? If so, it should be sealed to avoid contamination of the aquifer below. See our blog post “Does an abandoned well need to be capped or removed?” to learn more.

5)Location of former LP-gas tank - A curved copper pipe with a threaded female fitting at the end may be for a former above-ground LP-gas tank at that location.

6)Underground water shut-off valve - When there’s a water pipe underground with an in-line shut-off valve, a large diameter plastic, often light green, will be...

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"Far from the madding crowd" there can be a patch of peace above the concrete jungle below your balcony or on your patio. All it takes is a modest sum of money, time and energy. If this is not an option, build a sub-irrigated pollinator garden like this in a sunny community garden or even a parklet.

More important than some time and money is acquiring knowledge that is being willfully withheld from you. Read on. It's free. Help others by posting this information on your favorite social sites.


Click on all photos to enlarge.

All of the flowering plants that you see here growing profusely are helping pollinators do their critically important work. The secret is that they are growing in sub-irrigated planters made from widely available drain-hole planters and tote or storage boxes. They are all modified with the installation of water and oxygen reservoirs connected to fill tubes instead of wasteful drain holes.

There is no annoying water dripping on...

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Before the glassblowing session begins, the pot furnace or tank furnace must be brought up to temperature (about 2050-2100°F) from the setting it held overnight (about 1800F to save fuel.)
(The process of melting batch or cullet to get workable glass is discussed here)
The glory hole for reheating must be brought up to temperature (~2200-2300F) as well as the controlled cooling annealers (~900F), preheating color oven, pipe heater, and garage. Depending on equipment design, these steps take about an hour. During this time, the artist is normally setting up the preheating of color bar and laying out stringer, frit, and powder (linked below as discussed), arranging tools, and pulling the previous day's or afternoon's work from the annealers. Pipes and punties are arranged in the pipe warmer for use during the session. Water is put in holding buckets and crack off bins/buckets , if used. If hand torches are used, they will be lighted or set out.

Most furnace...

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Waiting for your green tomatoes to begin ripening can seem like an eternity sometimes. It’s like they are just sitting on the vine refusing to turn in color so you can begin harvesting them.

Although it seems like the tomatoes will never ripen – don’t worry, they will eventually.

Why Does It Seem Like My Tomatoes Are Not Ripening?

The most common cause of tomatoes taking longer to ripen is high temperatures.

If you are experiencing a period of very warm temperatures this will cause the tomato plant to stop focusing on fruit production and go into survival mode.

When this happens the plant begins concentrating its energy on developing strong roots; it puts the ripening process on hold for a bit.

Thus, it seems like your tomatoes are taking longer to ripen because they are taking longer.

Different Stages of Ripening for Tomatoes

There are different stages of a ripening tomato. They start out as a green, immature tomato and...

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In the spring of 2004 I was introduced to the concept of cleaning holding tanks and toilet clogs and restoring the sensors to reading properly, using a hydro jet cleaning process.

From the very beginning I noticed that the tanks were full of what appeared to be sand. Conventional wisdom said it was hard water deposits that had dried along with the organic sludge. I began to notice that some tanks were much worse than others.

In an effort to discover what this cement-like matter really was and what was causing it, I began to ask people what they were using for a holding tank treatment, and videotaped the results during the cleaning process.

I quickly discovered that when there was a chemical based product used exclusively, the hard deposits were very pronounced. When an enzyme/bacteria product was used exclusively, I there was a heavy accumulation of sludge in the bottom of the tank that was too heavy to rinse out under normal hose pressure.

With the help...

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